A 42 year old female presents to your family medicine practice 4 weeks post knee surgery (repair of a ruptured MCL). They have been provided a prescription for hydromorphone 2mg po q4h prn by their surgeon for post surgical pain. At this time, they are still taking 3-4 pills a day. They are concerned about their current level of pain.

Which features of their past medical history might put them at risk for developing chronic pain? Select all that apply.

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Dr. Sarah Bates



Dr. David Keegan